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Mexico immigration centre fire kills 39, after migrants set mattresses ablaze, president says

Migrants fearing deportation have set mattresses ablaze at an immigration detention centre in northern Mexico, starting a fire that left 39 dead, the president says.
It’s one of the deadliest incidents ever at an immigration lockup in the country.
Hours after the fire broke out late on Monday, rows of bodies were laid out under shimmery silver sheets outside the facility in Ciudad Juarez, which is across from El Paso, Texas, and a major crossing point for migrants.
Medics give aid to a migrant who survived a fire that broke out at a Mexican immigration detention centre in Juarez. (Omar Ornelas /The El Paso Times via AP) (AP)
Ambulances, firefighters and vans from the morgue swarmed the scene.
Thirty-nine people died and 29 were injured and were in “delicate-serious” condition, according to the National Immigration Institute.
There were 68 men from Central and South America held in the facility at the time of the fire, the agency said. A Guatemalan official said many may have been from that Central American country.
Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said the fire was started by migrants inside the facility in protest after learning they would be deported.
“They never imagined that this would cause this terrible misfortune,” López Obrador said, adding that the director of country’s immigration agency was on the scene.
Tensions between authorities and migrants had apparently been running high in recent weeks in Ciudad Juarez, where shelters are full of people waiting for opportunities to cross into the US or who have requested asylum there and are waiting out the process.
A migrant cries leaning on an ambulance as a person she knows is attended by medics after a fire broke out at the Mexican Immigration Detention center in Juarez on Monday, March, 27, 2023. (Omar Ornelas /The El Paso Times via AP) (AP)
More than 30 migrant shelters and other advocacy organisations published an open letter on March 9 that complained of a criminalisation of migrants and asylum seekers in the city.
It accused authorities of abuse and using excessive force in rounding up migrants, complaining that municipal police were questioning people in the street about their immigration status without cause.
The high level of frustration in Ciudad Juarez was evident earlier this month when hundreds of mostly Venezuelan migrants acting on false rumours that the United States would allow them to enter the country tried to force their way across one of the international bridges to El Paso. US authorities blocked their attempts.
Medics give aid to a migrant who survived a fire that broke out at a Mexican immigration detention centre. (Omar Ornelas /The El Paso Times via AP) (AP)
The national immigration agency said on Tuesday that it “energetically rejects the actions that led to this tragedy” without any further explanation of what those actions might have been.
In recent years, as Mexico has stepped up efforts to stem the flow of migration to the US border under pressure from the American government, the agency has struggled with overcrowding in its facilities. And the country’s immigration lockups have seen protests and riots from time to time.
Mostly Venezuelan migrants rioted inside an immigration centre in Tijuana in October that had to be controlled by police and National Guard troops.
In November, dozens of migrants rioted in Mexico’s largest detention centre in the southern city of Tapachula near the border with Guatemala. No one died in either incident.
Mexico has emerged as the world’s third most popular destination for asylum-seekers, after the United States and Germany, but is still largely a transit country for those on the way to the US.
It holds tens of thousands of migrants in an expansive network of detention centres and attempts to closely monitor movements across the country in cooperation with American authorities.
Karla Samayoa, spokeswoman for Guatemala’s Foreign Ministry, said that Mexican authorities had informed them that more than two dozen of the migrants who died appeared to be from the country.
Over, under, any way possible: Migrants’ efforts to cross US-Mexico wall
Asylum seekers must stay in the state where they apply in Mexico, resulting in large numbers being holed up near the country’s southern border with Guatemala. Tens of thousands are also in border cities with the US, including Ciudad Juarez.
The Strauss Centre for International Security and Law at the University of Texas at Austin has estimated there are more than 2200 people in Ciudad Juarez’s shelters and more migrants outside shelters from Venezuela, Nicaragua, Colombia, Guatemala, Ecuador, Peru, and El Salvador.
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Last modified: August 28, 2022